The Policy Framework for Prenatal and Neonatal Screening provides an overview of the legal and policy-related frameworks for five preventive screening onderzoek (onderzoek ) programmes available during pregnancy and immediately following childbirth. These frameworks have been defined by the Dutch Ministry for Public Health, Welfare and Sport ( VWS Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport (Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport)). There are three screening tests for the unborn child: for Down’s, Edwards' and Patau's syndromes , for a number of infectious diseases, including HIV humaan immunodeficientievirus (humaan immunodeficientievirus ), and for physical abnormalities. The neonatal screening tests concern the child's hearing and the neonatal heel prick.