The Policy Framework for Prenatal and Neonatal Screening provides an overview of the legal and policy-related frameworks for five preventive screening onderzoek programmes available during pregnancy and immediately following childbirth. These frameworks have been defined by the Dutch Ministry for Public Health, Welfare and Sport (VWS Ministerie van Volksgezondheid, Welzijn en Sport). There are three screening tests for the unborn child: for Down’s, Edwards' and Patau's syndromes , for a number of infectious diseases, including HIV humaan immunodeficientievirus , and for physical abnormalities. The neonatal screening tests concern the child's hearing and the neonatal heel prick.